At the same time details began to emerge of British atrocities, including the … Easter rising 1916: conflict and consequences. The Pearse declared that Ireland was now an independent country. By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. Home Rule was no longer acceptable. There became a nationalist minority in Ulster. 5 1 customer reviews 1 customer reviews 4.1. Have not found what you were looking for? Sixteen of them were executed between 3 May and 12 May 1916. Therefore, only one other event will be further explained here because of its importance for the developments after the Easter rising. Militant Nationalists began to attract sympathy. The prisoners were originally placed in Kilmainham Jail, where many of the 1916 leaders were executed, but they were then moved to prisons in England and Wales. Black and white postcard of Bachelor's Walk and Lower Sackville Street, Dublin after the 1916 Easter Rising. However, the building in this postcard remained intact, although many of its windows were … PRONI was pleased to host a half-day conference exploring the Easter Rising on 22 April 2016. Sinn Fein led a huge campaign against this. I'm unsure of what would be considered short term and long term effect so if you could share any short term effects that you know I would appreciate it. Also, there was a serious dispute on whether or not Ulster should be excluded from Home Rule, and so Ireland was only one step away from a civil war when World War I began. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails. The Easter Rising revived the use of violence for political purposes. The Real IRA continues to live on, nationalist persecution in Ulster and continued anti-British feeling. Many events have given account to the repeated struggle of the Irish people against invasion and the loss of their freedom. The most important outcome of 1916, however, was its bearing on the course of Irish nationalism. However as the war of independence raged on it became apparent Ireland could not defeat Britain and Britain could not cope with guerrilla warfare. The government of Ireland act 1920 was wrote up. The Easter Rising took place in Dublin, and a few outposts across the country, between Monday 24 April and Sunday 29 April, 1916. As a result, many came to view the Easter Rising as “the start of an era of unnecessary bloodshed and violence [9] .”. However, it was not only the famine itself that caused those disastrous conditions in Ireland. L4- Consequences of the Easter Rising. Relevance. Consequences of Easter Rising Frongoch-prison life and university of rebellion Easter Rising ended with a rebellion crushed, its leaders executed, and its participants were rotting in jail. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The main reasons for this swing in support to militant nationalism were the harsh treatment by the British government to the leaders of the rising in 1916, the failure to implement home rule in 1914. Irish officials enacted Martial law and participated in mass arrests (in addition to executions of leaders) until the fall of 1916. They therefore signed the Anglo -Celt treaty in December 1921. 3.2. The British government also added to the worsening situation of the Irish peasants. The Easter rising had many long-term consequences such as British Prime Minister Lloyd George having to begin compromising with Republicans. Only the users having paid subscription get the unlimited number of samples immediately. Sinn Fein gained a rise in support. Ulster Unionists reluctantly accepted realising they had to reach a compromise. The first chapter will consist of a synopsis of the proceedings leading up to the rising, and the naming of possible reasons for the rebellion. What were the short term effects of the 1916 Easter Rising? This started the Ira’s war of independence. The Easter Rising in 1916 Another major step was the re-emerging of the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB), and the creation of the Irish Volunteers (IV) in 1913. As Ireland commemorates the centennial of the Easter Rising, this course will investigate the causes, planning, implementation, and consequences of the 1916 rebellion. In the 1918 general election won seventy-three seats to the IPP’s seven. What were the causes of the Easter Rising Essay Sample. [12] See: “Easter Rising.” Britannica© CD 99, 1994-1998. Both sides came to a truce in 1921. Sixteen of the Rising's leaders were executed in May 1916, but the insurrection, the nature of the executions, and subsequent political developments ultimately contributed to an increase in popular support for Irish independence. He never was informed about the Easter Rising. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. How about getting a customized one? The last rebel to be executed was Roger Casement by hanging on August the third. Hi there! This was one of the most important developments, for now also Catholics could fully take part in the politics of their country. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. [13] Robert Kee, The Bold Fenian Men, The Green Flag Volume Two (Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin, 1989) 198. The British government Proposed a twenty-six county free state. Therefore, after the Act of Union, one of the main goals was to repel these laws, and to strengthen the rights of the Catholic population. 4.3. This had a huge impact in Ireland. In 1900, the first steps were taken by Arthur Griffith, who founded a group called Cumann na nGaedheal. This created a new wave of anti-British feeling. Get access to our huge, continuously updated knowledge base. The predictable effect of these measures was to increase public sympathy, both for the rebels and their goals. Nationalist people no longer saw home rule as an option and saw it as too little too late. Even though the IPP was also against this Sinn Fein got the credit. The loyal support of the home rule party became depressed that home rule further away than when initially granted in 1914. The IRB sought allies for their campaign in Germany, and made plans for a Rebellion where Ireland’s independence should be publicly declared. Want to add some juice to your work? Even though the Irish technically lost the Rising, it boosted the morale of the Irish and started a chain of significant future events. Instead, “[t]he major part of Irish property was held by a small number of landed families [….] This worksheet is a standalone resource that assesses a range of source material relating to the immediate consequences of the Easter Rising of 1916. There were several notable affects of the Easter Rising. In the first year of the famine, the government under Robert Peel still attempted to help the suffering population my means of relief measures. Most people had estimated that it would merely last a few months, and as long as it continued it hindered most of the activities of the rebels. Answer Save. In 1846, though, when John Russell became Prime Minister, the way the problem was treated changed dramatically. The famine and despair that followed was one of the most horrendous occurrences in the history of the country. Then on the twenty second of January 1919 the IRA attacked two policemen in the RIC. There was ongoing bitterness in Irish politics, ongoing support for militant nationalism. Start studying Easter Rising causes and consequences. Also the eating habits of the common people proved to be troublesome, because during the last part of the 18th century, the potato became the essential element of their diet. The surrender of the rebels who were involved in the Easter Rising in April 1916 resulted in many consequences. The rising made Britain realise that it had to compromise and Ulster Unionists they could not continue to have it their own way. This then led to Sinn Fein MPs setting up their own illegal government in Dublin the Dail Eireann. 1 decade ago. In 1800, the relationship between Britain and Ireland gained a new dimension. Another problem was that the Irish citizens did not get “a fairer share in government”[2] after the Act of Union. The Irish Volunteers and IRB became the IRA the Dail’s army. Though the uprising itself had been unpopular with most of the Irish people, these executions excited a wave of revulsion against the British authorities and turned the dead republican leaders into martyred heroes. 1916: The Rising and its impact For many Irish people the Easter Rising was a bolt from the blue but its roots can be traced back over the … Then up to May the twelfth a further twelve leaders were shot including James Connolly. The rising lead to the arrest of approximately 3,500 Irish men and women despite barely half of that number having actually been involved. The Easter Rising and its Downfall The event in question is until today known as the Easter Rising. Sinn Fein MPs had carried out their election Promises and refused to take up their seat in Westminster. In this essay I will outline the consequences of the 1916 Easter rising all short term long term and immediate. Public opinion then started to swing against the executions and the British revised their approach. The shape of Irish Politics had been transformed for the rest of the century. Which is exactly why he changed his mind about it, he was only in it for Home Rule to be granted to Ireland however the others who were … Launching brutal retaliatory attacks on civilians. The aftermath of Easter Week 1916. The Act, which took effect on the 1st January 1801, resulted in many changes, especially for the Irish people. [10] See: “Modern Ireland under British Rule.” Britannica© CD 99, 1994-1998. XxEllexX. Unionist movements had come together to actively resist the third Home Rule bill in 1912. Within four days of the rising Thomas Clarke, Padraig Pearse and Thomas Mc Donagh were executed by firing squad on May the third. 4.4. Easter Rising 1916 Leaving Cert History Revision Presentation Sovereignty and Partition 1912-1949 1 Answer. In 1914, the IRB planned a revolutionary outbreak, which would later be known as the Easter Rising in 1916.[10]. David Lloyd George was under pressure from the British public to do something. What were the consequences of the 1916 Easter rising, The whole doc is available only for registered users. Instead, he believed “that a symbolic strike against the British in Ireland would mobilise support for independence.”[14]. The effort put into the organisation should pay off shortly thereafter, because in 1829, Catholic Emancipation was finally approved in form of the “Roman Catholic Relief Act. Many of the buildings in Dublin city centre were almost in ruins after the Rising. The users without accounts have to wait due to a large waiting list and high demand. The Act of Union bound both countries together as one, deepening political relations and forcing the people on both sides to get acquainted practically overnight[1]. [11] If not stated differently, the information in the following chapters is based on Oonagh Walsh, Ireland's Independence, 1880 – 1923 (London: Routledge, 2002) 42 – 56. Favourite answer. However, the political and religious struggles were not the only, or even the most difficult, problems of the Irish during the 19th century. Furthermore, another two million would emigrate during the following 50 years, thus depriving Ireland of about 4 million people. In 1845, a potato disease came upon Ireland and destroyed most of the plants. Another difficulty was the actual duration of the First World War. In this meeting, strategies for further actions were discussed. 3.1. Home rule was now dead. The Easter rising left a legacy of anti British feeling. However, the planning for the rebellion had already begun two years before, in 1914. As Irish support for the war dropped due to anti- British feeling. Although this tradition was celebrated in the nationalist discourse of the times, most autonomists had come to view physical force as an anachronistic relic from the past. In addition, the common people were further discriminated in religious matters, they could only own a limited amount of land and were also not permitted to take on certain professions or receive a higher education. Start studying The Easter Rising, 1916. Then up to May the twelfth a further twelve leaders were shot including James Connolly. The IRA learned from the past they simply could not defeat Britain in another rising. The occurrence in question is the founding and the later activities of the so called Fenian Movement. Lastly it will be dealt with the consequences of the Easter rebellion, and how it influenced the political proceedings in the years following 1916. The legacy of which continues to live on. His answer was partition. The War of Independence and the Civil War were profoundly shaped by the legacy of 1916. Jump the queue with a membership plan, get unlimited samples and plagiarism results – immediately! Within four days of the rising Thomas Clarke, Padraig Pearse and Thomas Mc Donagh were executed by firing squad on May the third. We have received your request for getting a sample. How about getting this access immediately? The figurehead of this new campaign was Daniel O’Connell, a lawyer with catholic background. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Providing home rule for North and South, with a parliament in Dublin and Belfast. It might be considered as the first sign of the continued willingness of the Irish people to fight for their Independence, with the help of armed forces if necessary. This development only served to distance most of the Irish from the Government in Britain. [1] Unless stated differently, the following explanations are mostly based on Oonagh Walsh, Ireland's Independence, 1880 – 1923 (London: Routledge, 2002) 1-42. Therefore, Connolly was considered “the major labour figure in twentieth-century Irish history.”[13] As far as the planning of the Rising was concerned, Connolly apparently had no idealistic hopes in a possible success. It occurred during Easter week of that year. The big immediate consequence of the Easter rising was the execution of the leaders. Now, “Russell’s cabinet was seen to preside over the decimation of the Irish population in an especially heartless and brutal manner.”[5] This development, even though it was still many years away from the Easter Rebellion, might still be considered one of the major influences, because “[t]he powerlessness of the people, and the apparent indifference of the government to their sufferings, left a dangerous legacy of anger and resentment that was to shape political developments in the second half of the nineteenth century.”[6]. The big immediate consequence of the Easter rising was the execution of the leaders. When the rising broke out on Easter Monday 1916, it was destined to be a much smaller affair than what had originally been planned. Immediate Consequences and Reactions, 4. Among those in attendance was also Arthur Griffith from Sinn Féin. Source based activities on the Consequences of the Easter Rising for 1-9 GCSE students. As we look at the country today and think that 90 years have flown since a group of brave men took on the might of an Empire in what to many was a foolish effort to shake off the chains that bound us to what had been our masters for roughly 700 years. The history of Ireland is a turbulent one full of mysterious customs, fiery battles and unwavering pride. The General Election in 1918 and its Consequences Home rules greatest opponents had now become government ministers. But what was the environmental impact of the rebellion? The rising was an attempt by militant Irish republicans to win independence from Britain by force of arms. Not only did they loose the parliament in Dublin, but the former members now also had to take their seats at Westminster. - It only takes five minutes These can be categorised into immediate results, short-term results and long term results. We are really sorry but we cannot send the sample immediately. There were large protests in Ireland against the execution of Fenian prisoners, many of whose death sentences were, as a result, reprieved. [T]hese people were Protestant, and for the most part unionist in their politics.”[3] They were in no way worthy representatives for the Irish majority. The Dail Eireann was set up and the war of independence was an indirect consequence to the rising. The Easter rising heavily influenced the political relations between Ireland and England during the years that followed, and was the foundation stone of Ireland’s militant fight for independence. Nationalist opinion in Ireland was radically changing. The main effect of the arrests, therefore, was to alienate nationalist opinion. The Easter rising heavily influenced the political relations between Ireland and England during the years that followed, and was the foundation stone of Ireland’s militant fight for independence. The Easter Rising: The Easter Rising took place between April 24 and April 29 in 1916. The IRB, also called Fenians and already founded in 1858, were a secret society “dedicated to the establishment on an Irish Republic.”[8] It had experienced an uplift in the years between 1907 and 1912, and “IRB members infiltrated almost all the principal organisations in Ireland before 1914 […].”[9], Additional to this development, the political tension between Ireland and Britain had risen considerably since the turn of the century. Sinn Fein’s main aim was to gain total independence for a thirty-two county republic from Britain. Following will be a recount of the happenings on that fateful Easter Monday and the four days after, including the results of the upheaval and the subsequent reactions of the British government. There were, of course, other events of importance in the years prior to the Easter rebellion, among them the rise and fall of Charles Steward Parnell, the founding of the Land League and its consequences, as well as the several attempts at Home Rule under Gladstone. Relevance. They commuted the death sentences of the remaining leaders and imposed prison sentences instead. - High royalties for the sales The British government proposed the 26 county free state and it was accepted. P erhaps the most controversial aspect of the Easter Rising of April 24, 1916, was its legacy. Although the rising was easily suppressed, it galvanised the Irish people in opposition to the government in London. Later on, in the years following 1907, Griffith’s group joined with two other nationalist movements, the Dungannon Clubs and the National Council, to create a new organisation – Sinn Féin. 4 Answers. After 6 days of fighting, insurgents were forced to surrender. These restrictions were recorded in the so called Penal Laws. 3.3. Support for the home rule party was in rapid decline. - Completely free - with ISBN However, to write about all those would surpass the limitations of this paper. Answer Save.  (Institute for Anglistics/American Studies). This had a huge impact in Ireland. On Monday 24th 1916 100 republican men marched on the general post office in Northern Ireland and took it over. This turned public opinion in Ireland against the British government. While many of these were later relased, 170 rebels were court-martialled and between the 3rd and 12th of May, 16 rebels were executed including all seven signatories of the proclamation. 4.2. The original … Save for later. After … A third element was that the majority of the public was, at least at that time, not supportive of an armed rebellion. The rising itself was a total military failure, but it did have some political benefits for the Fenian movement. Soon, the poorer Irish hardly cultivated anything except potatoes on their land, which eventually lead to catastrophic events in the years 1845-1850, known as the Great Potato Famine. The Irish Volunteers were a military group formed in 1913 and its members accounted for the largest number of men who were called out on Easter Monday. However, the consequences of this comparatively small act of revolution were enormous. Such an incident also took place in the year 1916. The Easter Rising signaled the start of the republican revolution in Ireland. The Anglo-Irish Treaty in. When the British government sent in the black and Tans as a response. It was to be the Republican strategy for the rest of the century. The Easter Rising (Irish: Éirí Amach na Cásca) was a rebellion staged in Ireland in Easter Week, 1916. Fearghal McGarry (Queen's University, Belfast) - The outcome of the Rising; Tim Bowman (University of Kent) – The British Army in the Rising; The war of independence became a war of retaliation. The main reason more people began to support Sinn Fein was in 1918 when the British government tried to implement conscription to Ireland. They set up their own Dail courts, police service and collected taxes. One of the masterminds behind the Easter Rising was a man who had already attracted public attention several years before – James Connolly. It was probably one of the most important occurrences in Irish history, and it shaped the future of the country for many years to come, all the way until the present time. The rising was a symptom of the failure of Home Rule. On Easter Monday, the 24 April 1916, a siege was organized that lasted only for 5 days and ended in a massacre. In 1912, he and James Larkin had founded the Irish Labour Party and had worked on improving the conditions for the working class. Which made it seem more and more likely Ulster would be separated from home rule. No problem! If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. I have concluded that the Easter Rising was one of the most important episodes in Irish history. - Publication as eBook and book Copying is only available for logged-in users, If you need this sample for free, we can send it to you via email. Here you will also find the best quotations, synonyms and word definitions to make your research paper well-formatted and your essay highly evaluated. The British were foolish in their treatment of those they captured, they were tried and executed, James Connolly was so badly injured in the attempted uprising that he was shot whilst sat on a chair. There were a number of short-term consequences of the rising. One problem was that not all the leaders of the movement looked favourably upon the idea of an violent rebellion. More than 90 people were sentenced to death for their part in the Easter Rising. The delegates agreed they felt it was a stepping-stone to independence. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. We have received your request for getting a sample.Please choose the access option you need: With a 24-hour delay (you will have to wait for 24 hours) due to heavy workload and high demand - for free, Choose an optimal rate and be sure to get the unlimited number of samples immediately without having to wait in the waiting list, Using our plagiarism checker for free you will receive the requested result within 3 hours directly to your email. It removed legal prohibitions upon Catholics [and] […] eliminated the required oath for parliamentary participation.”[4] Prior to it, only those who denounced Catholicism were allowed to enter the Parliament. They believed their forces to be no true match for the British army, and that the chances of succeeding were far too low. This organisation “would dramatically advance Ireland’s progress towards independence […]”[7] in the future. Overall seventy-five were sentenced to death, and two thousand to imprisonment. However, the consequences of this comparatively small act of revolution were enormous. Or if you need this sample for free, we can send it to you via email. Encyclopædia. They now had adapted more successful tactics guerrilla warfare. The Easter Rising in 1916 was an event planned and executed by several leaders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, among them Patrick Pearse and Tom Clarke. A small little known party called Sinn Fein formed in 1905 began to get noticed. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Get a custom sample essay written according to your requirements urgent 3h delivery guaranteed. - Every paper finds readers, http://www.uni-jena.de/ It was the most significant uprising in … Your Answer Is Very Helpful For UsThank You A Lot! The planning for the Easter Rising began in 1914, where a meeting between IRB leaders and members of other interested groups took place. This encouraged generations to continue the fight against British occupation. This war was crippling for a British government trying to rebuild its economy after the First World War. When the treaty was brought back to the Dail it caused a bitter split erupting in civil war. There were several discrepancies that delayed the planning process of the Easter Rising. Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith attended a conference in London to discuss Ireland’s future. The rise of Sinn Fein Preparation and British Interference Nationalists rejected the government of Ireland act. In 1823, the Catholic Association was founded, where the peasants could actively participate in political matters. Broken glass, toppled stone and razed buildings are one element of the physical damage that resulted from the Easter Rising. During those horrible years, the population of Ireland decreased steadily through starvation, sickness and emigration, and by 1855 about two million people had been lost. The aim of this paper will be to show that the Easter Rebellion of 1916 was the crucial event in the history of modern Ireland, and that it profoundly shaped political relations with England for many years afterwards. The Anglo-Irish War from 1919-1921 The Political Events after 1916 as a Result of the Easter Rising Speakers . [11][12] The preparation itself was my no means a smooth process, and was interspersed with difficulties, which will be explained in the following chapter. What were the consequences of the easter rising? The immediate results caused by the surrender of the Rising … This led to increased support for militant nationalism. Would you like to get such a paper? Blablawriting.com provide for you a wide variety of top-notch essay and term paper samples on any possible topics absolutely. Lv 4. They had gained a reputation that associated them with Militant Nationalism. 3. After the Rising. Additionally, the Act was frowned upon by many, which eventually lead to a rebellion shortly after, in 1803. Peculiarities of various assignment types, Philosophical inquiry and the goals of nursing. Republic from Britain by force of arms Martial law and participated in arrests... Under pressure from the government in London having to begin compromising with.... 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